Nanaimo Bars: A Delicious Canadian Dessert

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Namaimo Bars

Nanaimo Bars, where have you been all my life? How, in my coast-to-coast travels throughout Canada—including Nanaimo itself (where you, Dear Readers, must visit because it’s totally gorge), did I miss your creamy goodness? The road to find you has been long, with many a winding turn, but now that I’m here, I shall make up for lost time and sing your praises.

Namaimo Bars

The road to Nanaimo (bars) went like this: In my first post for #CreativeCookieExchange, I whinged about the loss of my beloved Sunshine Biscuit Cookies. Karen, of the lovely blog Karen’s Kitchen Stories (a fave of mine), commented how SHE missed Sunshine’s Custard Cups. I’d never heard of them so I Googled. Google turned up nothing on said cookies but did lead me to a plethora of other custardy cookies. Custardy cookies that are made with Bird’s Custard Powder. Not being one to let a new ingredient pass me by, one short visit to Amazon and two days later, Bird’s Custard Powder was delivered to Chez Dough. I chose a popular custardy cookie recipe (which shall remain nameless just in case it was ME and not the recipe) for my first attempt and it was awful beyond words, thus wasting a full cup of the precious powder. My bad. Not to be bested, I Googled again, looked a little deeper and Nanaimo bars came up time and time again. If nothing else, I figured such a beautiful city couldn’t possibly produce a bad cookie so I took a chance. I’m not sorry. Had I not just started back on Weight Watchers (nice timing, eh?), I’m sure I would have snarfed down the entire batch, possibly without taking a breath.

So what IS a Nanaimo Bar anyway? At its roots a Nanaimo bar is a layered bar cookie with a cookie-crumb bottom layer (most often made with graham crackers, coconut, cocoa and almonds), a creamy custardy middle layer and a chocolate top layer. Wikipedia (I know, I know, but even the official website for the city of Nanaimo links to it) traces the origins of the Nanaimo bar to the Modern Cafe in Nanaimo and its first appearance in print back to 1953. (Let us note here that New York has also laid claim to this delectable treat but we New Yorkers tend to do that with everything. New Yorkers are like Star Trek’s Mr. Chekov in that. No matter what it was, he’d always say “You know, that was inwented in Russia.” But I’m going with Canada on this one.) There are countless variations on the theme, so in 1986, the city of Nanaimo held a contest to determine the Ultimate Nanaimo Bar. And out of nearly 100 recipes, they chose this one, baked by Joyce Hardcastle. Even I, a non-lover of chocolate and a hater of nuts, have to admit that this is cookie perfection. Not too sweet (in spite of what you’d think looking at the ingredients). Not too rich. Just right. Joyce, you done good.

Namaimo Bars

Now since this is essentially a no-bake cookie (there’s just a bit of stove-top cooking involved), I thought I’d be cheating if I didn’t actually bake something for a post for a baking group, so I did bake the graham crackers that ended up as crumbs (I used the wonderful grahams from Nancy Silverton’s Pastries From the La Brea Bakery). You certainly wouldn’t be wimping out, though, if you used store-bought. In fact, for the instant-gratification junkies among us, it’s probably the better way to go since this is a very quick and easy recipe and you’ll be miffling* Nanaimo bars in no time. Seriously—and I know bloggers say this all the damned time—this really could be the Best. Cookie. Ever.

So I thank you, Joyce. I thank you, Nanaimo. And I thank you, Canada. Poutine AND Nanaimo bars? Is Canada a great country or what?

*It’s a family word—and we’ve all got ‘em—that basically means to inhale your food. In my family we miffle a LOT.

Nanaimo bars

Discover the delectable taste of Nanaimo bars, a classic Canadian dessert! This easy-to-make treat consists of a buttery base, creamy custard filling, and a chocolate ganache topping.
4.75 from 4 votes
Course Brownies & Bars, Desserts


Bottom Layer

  • ½ cup unsalted butter
  • ¼ cup sugar
  • 5 tbsp. cocoa
  • 1 egg beaten
  • 1 ¼ cups graham cracker crumbs
  • ½ cups finely chopped almonds
  • 1 cup shredded sweetened coconut

Second Layer

  • ½ cup unsalted butter
  • 2 Tbsp. and 2 Tsp. cream
  • 2 Tbsp. vanilla custard powder
  • 2 cups confectioners sugar

Third Layer

  • 5 squares semi-sweet chocolate 1 oz. each
  • 2 Tbsp. unsalted butter


  • For the bottom layer, melt the butter, sugar and cocoa in a double boiler or a heatproof bowl set over simmering water. Stir until smooth.
  • Beat the egg in a small bowl, then stir in a couple of tablespoons of the chocolate mixture (this helps prevent curdling).
  • Whisk the egg mixture into the chocolate mixture. It will look like it’s curdled and separated, but keep whisking until the mixture is thickened and smooth.
  • Remove from the heat and stir in the graham cracker crumbs, almonds and coconut.
  • Firmly press the mixture into a ungreased 8″ x 8″ pan and set aside.
  • For the second layer, beat the butter, cream, custard powder and confectioners sugar together until light and fluffy. Spread the mixture over the bottom layer.
  • For the top layer, melt the chocolate and butter over low heat or in the microwave until smooth. Set aside until the mixture is cool but still liquid, then spread over the second layer.
  • Chill until firm.


About Step 3: I was definitely a bit worried when I stirred the egg mixture into the butter and sugar mixture in the double boiler. It separated immediately and definitely looked like it curdled, even though I tempered the eggs before adding them. Even after stirring it vigorously for a few minutes, it still looked pretty bad and I was about to toss it and start over. Then it suddenly came together and was smooth and creamy and thickened perfectly. So hang in there.
Keyword almonds, chocolate, cocoa, coconut, cookies, custard, Sweets
Namaimo Bars
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  1. 5 stars
    Great recipe and information… can’t wait to try it as I just happened to have the custard powder and wondered what I should do with it! FYI all 3 places where there’s a title Nanaimo Bars are misspelled as Namaimo Bars.

  2. I grew up in Montreal, Québec. Always had these. A true Canadian classic. I make them every Christmas, but I leave out the nuts. So 😋 delicious!

  3. 5 stars
    Sounds really good! I’d love to try it!!
    Can I use pudding powder if I can’t find the custard powder?



    1. You can use vanilla pudding mix, if you have some on hand. Simply swap in a one to one ratio. In other words, use 1 tablespoon of vanilla pudding in place of each tablespoon of custard powder.

  4. 5 stars
    Thank goodness to you Kim–I was bordering on an OCD meltdown about that tiny typo!

    Also; thanks for the recipe Karen from a fellow New Yorker who also believes that all good things come from the very center of the universe- NEW YORK!! The cookies look absolutely delicious!

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